Contribution Behaviors in Distributed Environments
In this paper, we develop a framework for understanding contribution behaviors, which we define as voluntary acts of helping others by providing information. Our focus is on why and how people make contributions in geographically distributed organizations where contributions occur primarily through information technologies. We develop a model of contribution behaviors that delineates three mediating mechanisms: (1) awareness; (2) searching and matching; and (3) formulation and delivery. We specify the cognitive and motivational elements involved in these mechanisms and the role of information technology in facilitating contributions. We discuss the implications of our framework for developing theory and for designing technology to support contribution behaviors. This paper is a recipient of one of the 2009 Emerald Management Reviews Citations of Excellence Awards.
|Fernando Olivera, Paul S. Goodman, and Sharon Swee-Lin Tan
|Contribution behaviors, knowledge sharing, knowledge management